Do you know what kindle is?
It is a small hand-held electronic device for reading books developed by online retailer Amazon. As you download an iPod or MP3 player with music, you can download books (by wireless technology) on to a Kindle and read these books on it.
Amazon store provides many books to read freely on kindle (in kindle version). But if one of your wanted books is not on sale at amazon store –
What will you do?
Where will you buy books for kindle?
What you can do to make them readable on kindle?
If you want to publish that book for kindle, how will you deal with?
When you meet some problems like these, generally what type of solution come into your head?
–What I shall do is nothing but searching on internet to find some good kindle tools
Although some kindle users know about kindle devices and eBooks they don’t know that there are so many kindle tools and resources available on Amazon. That’s why I am writing this article to tell you about these useful tools and resources.
Kindle Publishing Tools
To publish your eBook on kindle you must complete your eBook writing using supported formats such as –
Word (doc or docx)
HTML (zip, html, or htm)
Now your concern is to check whether your book is displaying on Kindle well or not?If it is displayed well, then it’s ok.
But if not, then…………….
The following tools are prepared for you –
KindleGen is Amazon’s officially supported tool for converting files to the Kindle format. So I shall highly recommend you to use KindleGen if you have a good knowledge about HTML, XHTML or EPUB.
This command line tool helps you to work in an automated environment with a variety of source content including HTML, XHTML or EPUB. KindleGen converts the source content to a single file which supports both KF8 and Mobi formats and thus enables publishers to create great-looking books which work on all Kindle devices and apps. But one thing you should keep in mind that files created using third-party software may not work properly on current or future Kindle devices and apps.
• Intel Mac OSX 10.5 or later
• Windows XP, Vista or 7
• Linux 2.6 i386
Are you interested to see how your book look across all kindles devices and app? If yes, then you can use Kindle previewer to see the layout of your eBook. This graphical user interface tool Kindle previewer make it sure that the text of your eBook displays properly for any orientation or font size and thus ensures publishers produce and submit the highest quality Kindle books.
Kindle plugin for adobe InDesign®(Beta)
Kindle Plugin for Adobe InDesign® (Beta) is used to convert documents or books created in Adobe InDesign to Kindle Format 8. The ability of this plug-in to convert the InDesign source content into a single file gives a great-look to the eBook and it supports both of KF8 and Mobi formats. So I shall recommend you to use kindle plugin for Adobe InDesign® (Beta) as it is compatible with all Kindle devices and apps. But files made with third-party software may not work correctly on current or future Kindle devices and apps.
Kindle Conversion Tools
If you want to read kindle books on multiple kindle readers without limitation or if you want to share books with your friends only DRM removing is enough to meet your need. On the other hand, if you want to read kindle books but don’t own a kindle device or if you want to read non-kindle books (purchased from google, nook, kobo, ibookstore, sony reader store etc) on your kindle device, you must have to do kindle conversion job. Because except for the DRM problem kindle devices support books only with kindle format. But the non-kindle books commonly have epub or pdf formats. That’s why it is necessary to convert epub or pdf to kindle formats.
Ultimate eBook converter
Calibre is a very popular eBook management tool but it is very difficult to remove DRM using Calibre. In that case you can use ultimate eBook converter which is not only very helpful to remove kindle DRM but also strip Adobe Adept and Nook drm limitations as you can see in the following image. Ultimate eBook converter can converts ebooks among kindle, epub and pdf very well.
Kindle Reading Tools
There are so many reading apps available on amazon. Using these apps you can read eBooks very easily even if you don’t have a kindle device.
Kindle cloud reader
Kindle cloud reader allows you to read your kindle books on web and so you can read your ebook collection from any computer or device.
Kindle for PC and Mac
People who are interested to buy and read kindle books instantly on their computer, no matter they had a kindle reader or not, this app is especially for those people. To download this app follow the following steps:
Log into your Amazon account and you will see all your purchases.
Click on the cover and the downloading process will start.
After you finished downloading, the book files will be downloaded and saved in “My kindle content” folder will complete the book files. You can also transfer these books into your Kindle device using a USB cable. Kindle desktop reading app is also known as Kindle syncing tool.
Note: Although you can copy the synced kindle books to any device you cannot open these books on that device, because kindle books are formatted with kindle. In that case, you have to use Kindle conversion tools.
Kindle Tools DRM
Almost all the books from kindle store are protected with kindle DRM ( Digital Rights Management) and that’s why you cannot read kindle books on non-kindle device such as – iPad, iBooks etc.
Using Kindle DRM removing tool you can remove DRM and can read your preferred kindle eBook on other device.
Send to Kindle tools
Kindle feeder service is only for Amazon Kindle owners. It helps them to send their favorite feeds to the kindle as an eBook. One can subscribe maximum 12 RSS feeds.
There are also other tools for sending files to your kindle. Such as: Push to Kindle, Klip.me, Readlists etc.
When we find an interesting webpage or receive some practical RSS feeds, generally we want to share them with our kindle so that we can read them later. For this purpose we can send our preferred files to kindle which is a traditional way. After completing registration in an amazon account, amazon also sends you an approved kindle email address, which ends with @kindle.com. When we find something beneficial we also can send them to this email. Anything sent to this mail will be stored on your kindle library.
Open your “manage kindle page”, hover over the “personal document settings” and click on it. Then you will find all of your Kindle email. Obviously you can apply a new one to send files.
To save files and send them to email you must need some times. The browser extension readability will save this time. What you have to do is just to click on the add-on button in your browser. After that the current page will be sent to your kindle automatically.
Readability is available for Firefox, Google Chrome and Safari.
To know about the functionality of all of these kindle tools and resources at a glance here is a chart:
Chart of Kindle Tools and Their Functions
The number of eBook readers is increasing day by day at a rapid motion. If you are an entrepreneur, blogger, writer or a chef and you have an incredible, life changing idea, e book publishing may be a better option for you to grow and expand your ideas or business easily An insightful, compelling eBook can instill valuable wisdom, actions, stories and ideas to your visitors and it is idiosyncratic for this purpose.
7 Steps to Publishing eBook on Amazon’s Kindle Platform
Step 1: Target effective visitors
Without targeting effective visitors, you will find no improvement of the number of subscribers, traffic or any building of trust whatever.
So without targeting effective visitors an eBook is useless
In order to find out effective visitors ask the following questions to yourself:
• Who are your effective visitors?
• What do they prefer or like?
• What they want to learn?
• What are you offering them for their time and can you fulfill their need?
• Are you motivating your visitors with ideas and examples?
Step 2: Creating a platform
To build up a good relationship with your visitors and giving respond to their feedback you need a platform.Here is a simple but useful guideline to create your platform:
Blogs, website, twitter etc. may be your platform. Your own platform can benefit you and your eBook in many ways:
• Your readers can find you here, know about you and your writing, give you support and give feedback on your platform easily.
• You can continue your conversation with the readers.
• A blog is your own portfolio: it contains your work, your information, credibility — almost all of you.
• Your blog has a face and examples of your work; you can meet like-minded individuals through your eBook and make a network with them.
• Guest posting for other blogs lets more visibility to your eBook, or your blog. From there, you can find new readers interested in your writing.
Twitter ( ) is a great platform for both of your eBook and yourself:
• Your readers can follow you on twitter and you can give respond to their feedback.
• You can find people having similar passions and interests.
• Hash tags (#) are very helpful to brand your eBooks. When your fans click on hashtag, they will see other people giving feedback about your eBook and that may spark their interest.
• You can promote your eBook amidst sending relevant and valuable tweets.
Your writing category or type does not matter, your visitors need a place to find you and know about you and your writing. If you do not have your own platform you are ultimately shorting yourself.
Try to express your own unique idea; people do not like so much a digital sharecropper.
Step 3: Writing eBook
If you have your own platform and you already have targeted your visitors, it is high time start writing your eBook.
The easiest way to start writing an eBook is using Microsoft Word or Pages for Mac. (Kindle suggests you to write it in Word because if you want to format this yourself, you must have to save your file to a filtered .html or .htm format, which translates on Kindle very well.)
The following few things you must keep in mind while writing:
• Creating TOC ( Table of Contents)
• Inserting a page break after finishing your chapter to eliminate unnecessary white space. Eliminating unnecessary white space is necessary so that your reader can scroll to the next page instantly.
Have you finished with your TOC?
Give a page break.
Have you finished with your copyright page?
Give a page break.
Do you know how to insert “Page break?”
Go to “Insert” at the left of the top menu bar.
You will find “Page Break” option here at no 3 from left.
• Avoid headers, footers or any sexy font as Kindle have standard fonts and it cannot translate these,
• Bold, italicize, and headings translate are allowed.
• Images should be inserted as .JPGs
After completing writing your eBook, start the formatting process.
Step 4: Necessary Kindle Tools and Resources to download
You have to download a few things to preview and format your eBook. You will see four options:
II. Kindle Previewer
III. Kindle Plugin for Adobe InDesign and
IV. Kindle PC/MAC application.
If you don’t have InDesign and you also haven’t downloaded the app already, you need both of KindleGen and Previewer. Using the Previewer, you get to preview your eBook and can ensure that it’s formatted to your desire.
Go up to the top menu of the previewer and click on the option to view your eBook on the actual Kindle App.
Kindle App is available in the following systems:
• Windows PC
• Windows 7 Phones
They have the Kindle Cloud Reader, which enables you to read eBooks on your browser: Google Chrome, safari and mozilla.
Step 5: eBook Formatting
You can format your eboooks by yourself or you can pay someone to do it who has good knowledge about HTML.
Step 6: Ways of uploading eBook
To upload your eBook:
1. Go the KDP Select route
2. Or don’t
What is KDP Select route?
KDP is the short form of Kindle Direct Publishing.Your eBook is locked in for 90 days when you enroll in this program. Within these 90 days, you have 5 free promotional days to give your eBook out for free. After finishing those 5 free days, your eBook will be back on the market for a price. Within this 90-days your eBook will be available in the Kindle Owners’ Library.
What is Kindle Owners’ Library?
This is an exclusive option for Amazon Prime Members. Borrowing eBooks is available on Kindle devices, not Kindle reading apps.
Amazon Prime members can borrow an eBook for free for a total month with no due dates. When someone borrows your eBook, you can earn money.
(Note: Only eBooks enrolled in KDP Select are available to Kindle Owners’ Library.)
How is it calculated?
For instance, if the monthly fund amount is $500,000, the total qualified borrows of all participating KDP titles is 300,000, and if your eBook was borrowed 1,500 times, you can earn 0.5% (1,500/300,000 = 0.5%), or $2,500 for that month.
If you are not enroll to KDP Select You can still upload your eBook to Kindle, but your eBook will not be in the Kindle Owners’ Library.
If you are enrolled in KDP Select lets get this out of the way: Your eBook cannot be free on Kindle. It will be available for free for 5 days of your choosing if you enroll in their KDP Select program and if you do not enroll, you must have a price tag on it for at least of 99 cents.
If you choose to enroll in the KDP Select program, these are the restrictions Amazon places on your eBook:
• You cannot keep your eBook on your blog as a subscription or email newsletter opt-in bonus
• No iBooks are allowed
• No Nook is allowed
• No PDF version with your specific formatting and sexy fonts are allowed
• You cannot distributed it anywhere else for 90 days.
You can, however, opt out of the KDP Select program before completing 90 days. When you opt out, and the 90 days are over, you can allocate your eBook anywhere else you like. Your eBook will still be up on the Kindle market but you will not have all the promotional tools.
If you enroll, and stay opted-in, your 90 days will renew and 5 more days of free promotion will be given.
Step 7: Upload your eBook
You have made your choice. Now it’s time to upload.
Hit Save & Publish button, it will take about 24 hours to be included in the Kindle store. Within 48-72 hours, you can see the remaining details of publication on the detail page, e.g. product description and related links to the physical edition.
Cover is very important for your eBook. If the cover is gross and does not contain a clear message, the readers’ eyes will scroll right over it, and your chance may be lost forever.
So I shall highly recommend you to hire a designer. As an enthusiastic reader of Kindle eBooks, I’d say 85% of the covers out there are garbage — this is a chance, it’s your time to shine.
Can you withdraw your eBook at any time?
Yes, you can withdraw your eBook at any time, but the important thing you should remember is: Once you are enrolled in KDP Select, that “exclusive” rule still applies for 90 days — so even if you withdraw, you will not be able to publish your eBook on another platform.
How to get royalties?
As the publisher price is determined by you. KDP offers you two royalty options: 70% and 35%. If you are interested to receive 70% royalties for your eBook, you must fulfill the following criteria:
• Your eBook price must be between $2.99 and $9.99.
• This list price must be at least 20 percent below the lowest physical list price for the physical book.
An ISBN number is not compulsory to publish your eBook through Kindle Direct Publishing; you will receive a 10-digit Amazon Standard Identification Number and this is a unique number to your eBook which will be found on Kindle Amazon. But if you have an ISBN number, you can enter it in the publishing process.
Now if you have defined your target audience and if you have an idea of how to market it, write the eBook, format it and then upload that book. But just because your eBook is up don’t think that your journey is ended up; no dear – it has just been started up. Always try to be updated and let me know about your experience and questions regarding publishing your eBook on Amazon’s Kindle platform.
If you use a desktop computer, you might already know that there isn’t any single part called the “computer. A computer is a combination of many components that work together. Basically, a computer must have two parts-
• Hardware and
The physical parts, which you can see and touch, are collectively called hardware. On the other hand, Software is a set of instructions which gives command the hardware to finish a task.
Here we will tell about the fundamental or basic hardware components of a desktop computer:
Computer case, monitor, keyboard, mouse, power cord are the basic parts of a desktop computer.
Computer case: A computer case also known as a “computer chassis”, “tower”, “system unit”, “base unit” or simply “case” is the enclosure that houses mother board, central processing unit (CPU), power supply and many more. Computer case is made of metal, plastic or steel (often SECC — Steel, electrogalvanized, cold-rolled, coil) or aluminum. Other materials such as glass, wood and even Lego blocks have appeared in home-built cases.
Computer case has different shapes and size. A desktop case lies flat on a desk and the monitor is kept on it. A tower case is tall and is kept next to the monitor or on the floor. The front of the case usually has an on/off switch and one or more optical drives. But today, most of the personal computers include tower cases rather than desktop cases; however, some computers are being made with all of the internal components built into the monitor, which completely eliminates the tower.
Monitor: A monitor or a display is an electronic visual display for computers. It displays information in visual form, using text and graphics. The monitor works with a video card which is located inside the computer case, to display images and text on the screen. It consists of the display device, circuitry and an enclosure. The portion of the monitor that displays the information is called the screen. Like a television screen, a computer screen can show still or moving pictures.
In modern monitors, thin film transistor liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) thin panel is used as display device, while older monitors used a cathode ray tube (CRT). Most monitors have control buttons that let you to change your monitor’s display settings, and some monitors also have built-in speakers.
Power cord: The power cord provides the connection between the power outlet and the power supply unit in the computer casing. You have to plug in the power cord to power on your computer. To protect your computer from voltage spikes, you can plug the power cord into a surge protector such as uninterruptable power supply (UPS), which provides temporary power if there is a blackout.
Keyboard: Keyboard is a type-writer style device. A keyboard is used mainly for typing text into your computer. Like the keyboard on a typewriter, it has keys for letters and numbers, but it also has special keys. There are different types of keyboards, e.g wired, wireless, ergonomic, and multimedia. Although there may be differences in the location of some keys or features, keyboards are very similar and let you to accomplish basically the same tasks.
Specific names and functions of different keys of the keyboard are written below:
Functions of different keys in keyboard
Escape (Esc) key: The Escape (often abbreviated as Esc) key allows you to stop a function or action. As most computer users no longer are concerned with the details of controlling their computer’s peripherals, the task for which the escape sequences were originally designed, the escape key was appropriated by application programmers, most often to “escape” or back out of a mistaken command. For example, if a web page is taking a long time to load, you can press the Escape key to stop loading it.
On machines running Microsoft Windows, prior to the implementation of the Windows key on keyboards, the typical practice for invoking the “start” button was to hold down the control key and press escape. This process still works in Windows 2000, XP, Vista, 7 and 8.
Function keys: The keys labeled F1 through F12 are commonly known as function keys. . Depending on the installed operating system, the function keys may have a variety of different uses or no uses at all. . A program is capable using each of the function keys and combining the function keys with the ALT or CTRL key, for example, Microsoft Windows users can press ALT + F4 to close the currently active program .
Common functions of the functions keys
• It is used as a help key. almost every program opens a help screen when this key is pressed.
• It is used to enter into CMOS Setup.
• Windows Key + F1 would open the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
• It is used to renames highlighted icon, file, or folder in all versions of Windows.
• In Microsoft Word, when Alt + Ctrl + F2 is pressed, then a document window is opened.
• In Microsoft word, when Ctrl + F2 is pressed, it opens the print preview window.
• It can open a search feature for many programs including Microsoft Windows.
• In MS-DOS or Windows command line F3 allows to repeat the last command.
• Shift + F3 change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
• Windows Key + F3 opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
• Open Mission Control on an Apple computer running Mac OS X.
• It opens the address bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer.
• It repeats the last act done (Word 2000+)
• When Alt + F4 pressed, then currently active Microsoft Windows is closed.
• When Ctrl + F4 pressed, the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows is closed.
• In all modern Internet browsers refresh or reload the page or document window by pressing F5.
• It opens the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
• It moves the cursor to the Address bar in Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox and most other Internet browsers.
• Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
• It is usually used for checking spell and grammar of a document in Microsoft programs e.g Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc.
• Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the highlighted word.
• This function key is used to enter the Windows startup menu.
• It is commonly used to access Windows Safe Mode.
• It is used to refresh documents in Microsoft Word
• It is used to send and receive e-mail in Microsoft Outlook.
• F9 opens the measurements toolbar in Quark 5.
• Pressing the Fn key and F9 at the same time opens Mission Control on an Apple computer running Mac OS X.
• In Microsoft Windows,F10 is used to activate the menu bar of an open application.
• Shift + F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
• This function key is used to access the hidden recovery partition on HP and Sony computers.
• Like F1 key, it is also used to enter into CMOS Setup.
• In all modern Internet browsers, by pressing F11 full screen mode is activated.
• It allows to access the hidden recovery partition on eMachines, Gateway, and Lenovo computers.
• It opens the “Save as” window in Microsoft Word.
• Ctrl + F12 is pressed to open a document In Word.
• Shift + F12 is pressed to save the Microsoft Word document (like Ctrl + S).
• Ctrl + Shift + F12 is pressed to print a document in Microsoft Word.
• F12 is also used to preview a page in Microsoft Expression Web
• By pressing F12 Firebug is opened.
• With an Apple running Mac OS 10.4 or later F12 shows or hides the Dashboard.
Print Screen, Scroll Lock, & Pause/Break keys:
These 3 keys are on the upper right corner of the key boards.
Print screen key: Print screen key allow you to take a screenshot and you can save or edit edit it by using graphics program.
scroll lock key: Screen lock key is intended to temporarily stop the scrolling of text or halt the operation of a program, e.g- Microsoft Excel is a software program that uses this key. If scroll lock is enabled on the keyboard when you press any of the arrow keys the screen will move in that direction but the selected cell will not change.
pause key: Pause key allows users temporarily to halt the actions of the program being run or the scrolling of text. For example, the pause key is commonly used momentarily to stop a computer game while the user steps away.
But Scroll Lock and Pause/Break keys are rarely used today, so some keyboards don’t have them.
Backspace key: The Backspace key is used to erase the character to the left of the cursor
Tab key : Tabulator key or tabular key is commonly abbreviated as tab key which is used to advance the cursor to the next tab stop.
Alphanumeric Keys: Alphanumeric keys contain numerals 0 through 9 and letters A through Z. These keys allow you to enter values and characters into a program.
Cursor Control Keys: Cursor control keys usually include Insert key, Delete key, Home and End key, page up and page down key
Insert key: Insert key switches between insert mode and overtype mode.
Delete key: It deletes the character to the right of the cursor.
Home and End key: These keys move the cursor to the beginning or end of the current line.
Page Up and Page Down key: These keys scroll a document or webpage up or down.
Enter key: In word processing program, enter key is used to start a new line. Another function of enter key is carrying out command.
Ctrl, Alt, and Shift: The Control (Ctrl), Alternate (Alt), and Shift keys work in combination with other keys. Typically, you hold down Ctrl, Alt, or Shift and then type another key to do a specific task. For example, in many programs, typing Ctrl+S will save a file. Keyboards that are designed for Macs have a Command key which is often used instead of the Control key.
Arrow Keys: The arrow keys are used for scrolling a document, moving the cursor or controlling a game.
Numeric Keypad: The numeric keypad resembles a calculator keypad. Many people find that it is easier to type numbers using this keypad. On some keyboards, these keys double as arrow keys
Mouse: Mouse is a pointing device. It is used to point objects on the screen, click on them and move them. There are two types of mice –
• Optical mouse and
• Mechanical mouse
An electrical eye is used to detect movement in an optical mouse. Optical mouse is easier to clean. On the other hand, in a mechanical mouse, there are a primary and a secondary button with a rolling ball to. Mechanical mouse is cheaper than the optical mouse but it is easier to clean the optical mouse than the mechanical mouse. Typically, a mouse connects to the computer using a USB or PS/2 connection. However, you can also buy a wireless mouse.
Computer is a programming based electronic device which is capable of receiving, retrieving and processing data in a particular form and of performing a sequence of operations in accordance with the given program to produce a result in the form of information or signals. We use a computer to type documents, send email, browse the Web, handle spreadsheets, accounting, database management, presentations, games and so on.
Basically, computers consist of two parts:
- Hardware and
Hardware: Hardware is that part of computer which has a physicalstructure, such as the computer monitor, mouse or keyboard.
Software: Software is a set of instructions which gives command the hardware. Actually, what guides the hardware and tells it how to accomplish each task is termed as software, such as web browsers, games, and word processors.
Operating system (sometimes abbreviated as os) is a software type product of system, equipment or computerized equipment, which deals with management and coordination of its activities. The computerized system may be a computer, a workstation, a server, a PC, a notebook, a smart-phone, a road navigation device or another system with “intelligence” of its own. Without OS, a computer or a computerized device is useless.
5 main functions of OS:
OS works as an interface between hardware and software. The 5 major functions that OS performs are following:
1. Enabling startup application programs. Thus, the operating system must have:
– A text editor
– A translator
– An editor of links
2. The allocation of resources needed to execute programs is done by identifying: the programs that are running, the need for memory, peripheral devices and data protection requirements.
3. Facilities for data compression, sorting, mixing, cataloging and maintenance of libraries, through utility programs available.
4. Plan implementation works according to certain criteria, for efficient use of central processing unit.
5. Assisting implementation of programs through computer-user communication system.
Examples: BS2000, BS3000, DOS, PC-DOS, MS-DOS, LINUX, SOLARIS, MAC OS, UNIX, Microsoft Windows e.t.c.
An application (sometimes abbreviated as app) is a software type product which is essential to run specific tasks. There are many types of app. Apps for desktop or laptop computers are sometimes called desktop apps and those for mobile devices are called mobile apps. Here we will discuss about the desktop apps.
Category of desktop apps
There are so many desktop apps which are categorized into different groups. Some are full-featured, such as Microsoft Word, while others may only do one or two things such as gadgets. Followings are few types of applications you might use:
Word processors: A word processor is a computer software application that is directed by the user, allows you to write a letter, design a flyer, and create many other kinds of documents. The most well-known word processor is Microsoft Word.
Web browsers: Web browser or browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. It is used to access the Web. There are many types of web browser such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, GoogleChrome, and Safari.
Personal finance: Personal finance software, such as Quicken, helps you to handle your own income and expenses, managing an entire household, or running a small business and so on. There are so many financial apps on the market, most of them are free. These apps give you plenty of options for learning how to be more responsible with your personal finance. Most personal finance programs can automatically download information from your bank so you don’t have to manually add your transaction.
Media players: A media player is a computerized program which is essential to listen to songsor watch movies. There are many types of media players such as Windows MediaPlayer ,VLC media player, KM player, iTunes and so on.
Gadgets: Gadgets are sometimes called widgets. Gadgets are simple applications you can place on your desktop. There are many different types of gadgets, including calendars, calculators, maps, CPU Meter, currency, weather, picture puzzle, weather, windows media and news headlines. Moreover you can download gadgets from internet.
Process of installing desktop apps
In order to work, apps are needed to be installed on your computer. Typically, installation is as simple as inserting the installation disc and following the instructions on the screen. You can download your necessary software from the Internet. After it is finished downloading, follow the instructions on the screen to install it. Many applications include a readme file (for example, readme.txt), which includes installation instructions and other information.
Precaution: When downloading software, scan it with an antivirus program as it can contain viruses or othermalware.
You may have heard the terms cloud, cloud computing, or cloud storage. But do you know what cloud is. Cloud meansInternet—more specifically, cloud means the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility over a network (typically the Internet) When something is in the cloud, it means it’s stored on servers on the Internet instead of on your computer. It lets you access your calendar, email, files, and more from any computer with an Internet connection.
Here are some examples of cloud storage:
Dropbox: Dropbox is a cloud storage service. It allows you to easily store and share files with other people, and it also allows you to access your files from a mobile device as well.
Evernote: Evernote allows you to take photos, clip web-pages, type notes and organize all of them from your computer or mobile device.
Web apps (sometimes known as cloud apps) run through the cloud and it does not need to be installed. Many of us use web apps but do not know which apps are web apps. Below I will give some examples of web apps-
Facebook: Facebook is a very well-known and most widely used web app. Facebook allows you to create an online profile and connect with your friends. There are games and other web apps that you can add to your facebook profile .
Online e-mail services: Online e-mail services like gmail and yahoo are cloud apps. After signing up for an online email service, you can use it immediately and no installation is required for this purpose. Your e-mails are stored in clouds instead of your computer.
Google Docs: Google Docs is an office suite which runs within your browser. You can use it to create documents, spreadsheets, presentations e.t.c. Your documents are stored in the cloud instead of your computer which makes it easy to share them with other people.
Take care of internal Computer Hardware
Process of Take care of internal computer Hardware components-
- Random Access Memory (RAM)
- Power supply unit (PSU)
- Laptop power cord
Take Care Process of Internal Hardware Components
Step 1: Turn off your computer and disconnect all the components connected to the CPU and other electrical connections.
Step 2:Remove the motherboard from the computer case and then isolate the video card, fan and memory cards. Then spray the motherboard using an air duster (i.e. Compressed air can) and thus all the dust and debris will be removed from the motherboard.
Step 3: Using painting brush or a brush with soft bristles with distilled water clean those areas of the motherboard where the air compressor could not clean. You can also use alcohol instead of water.
Caution: Use only distilled water because if you use simple water, then minerals present in it can damage the motherboard. While cleaning with brush or lint-free cloth, scrub very softly otherwise your motherboard can damage.
Step 4: Now it is time to dry your motherboard. You can use less heat to dry your motherboard which will remove the alcohol and water particles. But this process is not safe. It is better to leave the motherboard overnight to confirm that it is completely dry.
Step 5: After completing the cleaning and drying process, bring together all the components and reset the motherboard into the computer. Then restart the computer to check if the motherboard is running properly.
Important note: Actually cleaning of motherboard also depends on your working environment. It is better to clean the motherboard every year. While cleaning a motherboard just take a look at the components of motherboard also. If any dirt presents there, then clean them with a piece of cloth. It is also very important to take maximum care while cleaning a motherboard because if you rub hardly or spray with more water, then there is a possibility of damage.
Random Access Memory (RAM)
RAM is one kind of temporary computer data storage, which deals with temporary data requests, such as viewing a file or keeping windows open on a desktop. To take care of RAM you can follow the following steps:
Step 1: Unplug the power cord from the plug and remove the RAM (DDR / SDR) from your PC.
Step 2: Prepare paper and brush removal.
Step 3: Wipe bank RAM / were attached RAM (memory) your brush, for RAM illegible or partly illegible, prepare a pencil eraser.
Step 4: Rub the copper color that is used to attach the motherboard to absolutely no dirt or no trace of rust. After full completion of the RAM stick back to your PC and then turn on your PC.
Caution: RAM is a very sensitive component of a computer. So, deal with it very carefully.
Battery is an important component of the laptop as battery contains charge which allows us to use it everywhere. Today, most of the laptop battery is made of lithium-ion. So, there is no danger if you over-charge your battery but still it can put a detrimental effect. So, it is better to unplug your laptop when you do not use it. The lifespan of your battery depends on how the batteries are charged and the temperatures to which they are exposed.
Although many people think that low temperature is harmful for a battery, but for lithium-ion battery true fact is that high temperature is deteriorating. To increase the lifespan of your battery, follow the following tips:
Step 1: Don’t place it on thermal insulating materials such as cushions or on your lap.
Step 2: Do not charge the battery while working. Because when you Charge the battery, your laptop’s temperature increases. When you work with the laptop CPU, the graphics card and the hard disk also heat up your laptop and consequently, the temperature of your battery increases. Many users use software that helps to disable charging. While working on AC current you can remove the battery.
Step 3: Make sure the laptop’s ventilation can always work properly. Do not place objects before the ventilation systems when it is opened so that the ventilation system can work properly.
Step 4: Keeping the laptop in its case, don’t run or charge the laptop
Step 5: Don’t keep the laptop under the sun in summer.
Power Supply Unit (PSU)
Step 1: Disconnecting your PC from the plug, remove the side and lying the chassis on its side with the motherboard closest to your desk or bench.
Step 2: Use air duster to clean the dust inside the PSU.
Important note: Maintaining neat and clean working environment; regularly cleaning desk, using an anti-static duster on your PC, monitor and peripherals are helpful for increasing the lifespan of your PSU.
Laptop Power Cord
Step 1: Do not wrap/wind the cord very tightly around the adapter. Always wrap the cord loosely, making a neat loop with no tight corners.
Step 2: While travelling, do not keep the adapter on the top of your laptop, especially in your laptop case.
Step 3: Keep the adapter in a neat and clean, dust and moisture free place.